The era of multimessenger astrophysics, which utilizes observation data from gravitational wave detectors and neutrino detectors, in addition to the traditional electromagnetic observations in optical bands, radio frequencies, X-rays, and gamma-rays, has just began. We have recently started a Seed program on Multimessenger Astrophysics at National Center for Theoretical Sciences. We have also joined the Kamioka Gravitational Wave Detector (KAGRA) collaborations. Our group provide and predict gravitational wave templates from multi-dimensional core-collapse supernova simulations and help to search of possible detections in the near future.

Multimessenger Astrophysics Program at NCTS

With support from the NCTS, we have established a new seed program on multimessenger astrophysics since January 2019. The main purpose of this seed project is to build and coordinate domestic collaborations on the theoretical aspects of multimessenger astrophysics and to attract potential students to join this exciting research frontier. In this program, we gathered experts from neutrino physics, high energy physics, nuclear physics, supernova physics, and cosmology working together on four sub-topics of multimessenger astrophysics: (1) kilonova and neutron star mergers, (2) the gravitational wave and neutrino emissions from core-collapse supernovae, (3) relation with the cosmological structure formation, and (4) astrophysical code developments.

Gravitational waves

Hearing the sound of the gravitational wave from a core-collapse supernova explosion.

Selected Publications:

  1. Michael P. Pajkos, Sean M. Couch, Kuo-Chuan Pan, and Evan P. O’Connor, “Features of Accretion Phase Gravitational Wave Emission from Two-Dimensional Rotating Core-Collapse Supernovae”, 2019, ApJ, 878, 13 [Link]
  2. Kuo-Chuan Pan, Carlos Mattes, Evan P. O’Connor, Sean M. Couch, Albino Perego, and Almudena Arcones, “The Impact of Different Neutrino Transport Methods on Multidimensional Core-Collapse Supernova Simulations”, 2019, J. Phys. G focus issue on core-collapse supernovae, 46, 014001 [Link]
  3. Rubén M. Cabezón, Kuo-Chuan Pan, Matthias Liebendörfer, Takami Kuroda, Kevin Ebinger, Oliver Heinimann, Friedrich-Karl Thielemann, and Albino Perego, “Core-collapse supernovae in the hall of mirrors. A three-dimensional code-comparison project”, 2018, A&A, 619, A118 [Link]
  4. Kuo-Chuan Pan, S. M. Couch, M. Liebendörfer, and F.-K. Thielemann, “Equation of State Dependent Dynamics and Multi-messenger Signals from Stellar-mass Black Hole Formation”, 2018, ApJ, 857, 13 [Link]
  5. Kuo-Chuan Pan, M. Liebendörfer, M. Hempel, and F.-K. Thielemann, “Multi-dimensional Core-Collapse Supernova Simulations with Neutrino Transport”, the Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Nuclei in the Cosmos (NIC-XIV 2016), 2017, JPS Conf. Proc. 14, 20703 [Link]
  6. Kuo-Chuan Pan, M. Liebendörfer, M. Hempel, and F.-K. Thielemann, “Two-Dimensional Core-Collapse Supernova Simulations with the Isotropic Diffusion Source Approximation for Neutrino Transport”, 2016, ApJ, 817, 72 [Link]